The Cost of Maintaining Bearded Dragons

Owning a bearded dragon can be a fascinating and rewarding experience, but have you ever wondered about the financial commitment involved? In this article, we explore the cost of maintaining these unique reptiles, taking into account all the essentials they require to thrive. From habitat setup to feeding, we’ll uncover the hidden expenses and provide you with a comprehensive understanding of what it truly takes to care for these beloved companions. So, if you’re considering bringing one of these charming creatures into your life, keep reading to ensure you’re fully prepared for the cost of maintaining bearded dragons.

The Cost of Maintaining Bearded Dragons

Initial Setup

Terrarium or Enclosure

When it comes to setting up the perfect home for your bearded dragon, choosing the right terrarium or enclosure is a crucial first step. You have a few options to consider, such as a glass or wooden terrarium. Glass terrariums are popular for their visibility and ability to maintain heat and humidity. On the other hand, wooden enclosures provide a more natural look and insulation. Regardless of your choice, make sure the enclosure is large enough for your beardie to move around comfortably.

Lighting and Heating Equipment

Proper lighting and heating are essential for the health and well-being of your bearded dragon. UVA and UVB lighting are necessary for their growth and development, as they require UVB rays to synthesize vitamin D3. Basking lights and fixtures create the necessary warm spots for your beardie to thermoregulate and digest food effectively. Investing in thermostats and timers will help you maintain the optimal temperature gradient in the enclosure. Heat emitters and ceramic heat bulbs are also great options to ensure your beardie stays warm and comfortable.


Choosing the right substrate is crucial for the cleanliness and comfort of your bearded dragon’s enclosure. There are several options available, including reptile carpet, calcium sand, paper towels, ceramic tile, and even bioactive substrate. Reptile carpet is a common choice as it is easy to clean and prevents impaction. Calcium sand is another option, but it’s essential to carefully monitor your beardie to prevent ingestion. Paper towels are a cost-effective and easy-to-maintain option for temporary use. Ceramic tile provides a sturdy surface and is easy to clean, while bioactive substrate creates a more natural and self-sustaining environment.

Hides and Decorations

Creating a stimulating and comfortable environment for your bearded dragon is crucial, and that’s where hides and decorations come in. Hiding caves provide a sense of security for your beardie and allow them to retreat and relax. Basking platforms are essential for creating a heat source that mimics the natural basking spots in the wild. Branches and vines allow your beardie to climb and explore, while artificial plants add a touch of greenery without the risks of toxic plants. Don’t forget to include rocks and logs for them to explore and perch on, as this will provide additional enrichment.

Thermometers and Hygrometers

Maintaining proper temperature and humidity levels is vital for the health of your bearded dragon. Use digital thermometers to monitor the temperature in different areas of the enclosure. Infrared temperature guns can also come in handy for spot-checking surface temperatures. Hygrometers are essential for measuring humidity levels and ensuring they remain within the recommended range. By monitoring these factors closely, you can create the ideal environment for your bearded dragon’s well-being.

Water and Food Dishes

Providing your bearded dragon with proper food and water dishes is essential for their daily care routine. Water bowls or dishes should be shallow and easily accessible to your beardie. It’s recommended to use separate dishes for food and water to prevent contamination. Food dishes should be suitable for holding mealworms or dubia roaches, depending on your beardie’s dietary preferences. Additionally, having feeding tongs on hand will help you handle and offer insects to your bearded dragon safely.

Food and Supplements

A well-balanced diet is crucial for the overall health and longevity of your bearded dragon. Insects like crickets, mealworms, and dubia roaches are staple protein sources that should make up a significant portion of their diet. However, it’s also vital to offer dark leafy greens and vegetables as a source of essential nutrients and fiber. Fruits can be offered as occasional treats but should not make up the majority of their diet due to their high sugar content. Additionally, vitamin and calcium supplements should be provided to ensure your beardie receives all the necessary nutrients for growth and development.

Ongoing Expenses

Food and Supplements

Bearded dragons have specific dietary requirements, and ensuring a steady supply of insects, fresh produce, and supplements can be an ongoing expense. The cost will depend on the size and age of your dragon, as well as the availability and pricing of food items in your area.


Maintaining the ideal temperature and lighting conditions in your bearded dragon’s enclosure requires the use of specialized equipment that consumes electricity. Be prepared for an increase in your electricity bill, especially if you have multiple heat sources and lighting fixtures operating for long periods.

Water and Cleaning Supplies

Keeping your bearded dragon’s enclosure clean and hygienic is essential for their health. You’ll need to regularly clean and replace water dishes, as well as clean the enclosure itself. Investing in reptile-specific cleaning supplies will help ensure the hygiene and well-being of your beardie.

Veterinary Care

Regular veterinary check-ups and potential medical expenses are an ongoing cost of owning a bearded dragon. Preventive care, such as fecal tests for parasites and blood tests for nutritional deficiencies, are essential to catch any health issues early on. Budgeting for potential veterinary expenses is crucial to ensure your dragon receives proper medical care when needed.

Substrate Replacement

Depending on the substrate you choose, you may need to replace it periodically. Reptile carpet and paper towels may need regular cleaning, while calcium sand and bioactive substrates may need occasional replacement. Be prepared for the cost of replacing substrate as part of your ongoing expenses.

Health and Environmental Testing

Maintaining the health and well-being of your bearded dragon requires periodic health and environmental testing. Fecal tests for parasites and blood tests for nutritional deficiencies can help identify any underlying issues. Additionally, testing the water quality in your dragon’s enclosure can ensure they are not exposed to any harmful contaminants.

Terrarium or Enclosure

Glass or Wooden Terrarium

When selecting a terrarium or enclosure for your bearded dragon, you have the option of choosing between a glass or wooden structure. Glass terrariums are popular due to their excellent visibility and ability to maintain heat and humidity levels. They also provide a sleek and modern look. On the other hand, wooden enclosures offer a more natural aesthetic and can provide better insulation. Consider your preferences and the needs of your bearded dragon when deciding between these options.

Terrarium Size

Bearded dragons require a spacious enclosure to accommodate their active nature and to replicate their natural habitat adequately. The size of the terrarium will depend on the age and size of your dragon. A general rule of thumb is to provide at least 40 gallons for a young bearded dragon and 75-120 gallons for an adult. Providing sufficient space will ensure your beardie has enough room to move, exercise, and explore its environment.

Screen Top or Ventilation System

Proper airflow and ventilation are crucial for your bearded dragon’s health. Whether you choose a glass or wooden terrarium, make sure it has a secure screen top or a ventilation system to allow for adequate air exchange. This will help prevent the buildup of stagnant air, excess humidity, and potential respiratory issues.

Multiple Enclosures for Different Life Stages

As your bearded dragon grows, it will require different environments to accommodate its changing needs. Consider setting up multiple enclosures to accommodate the various life stages of your dragon. Younger dragons may benefit from smaller, more secure enclosures, while larger enclosures with additional features can be provided as they grow. Providing appropriate habitats for each stage of their life will ensure your dragon’s comfort and well-being.

Lighting and Heating Equipment

UVA and UVB Lighting

Bearded dragons require access to both UVA and UVB lighting to thrive. UVB lighting is essential for their ability to synthesize vitamin D3, which is required for calcium absorption and overall bone health. UVA lighting is important for their vision and overall well-being. Ensure you provide the appropriate UVB and UVA lighting sources to prevent vitamin deficiencies and promote their overall health.

Basking Lights and Fixtures

Creating a proper basking spot is crucial for your bearded dragon’s thermoregulation and digestion. Basking lights and fixtures should simulate the heat of the sun, providing a warm spot for your beardie to bask and absorb heat. Ensure the light and fixture you choose provide enough heat and are positioned in a way that creates a temperature gradient within the enclosure.

Thermostats and Timers

Maintaining the optimal temperature is essential for your bearded dragon’s health. Using thermostats and timers will help regulate the temperature and ensure it remains within the desired range. Thermostats can be used to control the output of heat sources, while timers can be used to create a consistent day and night cycle.

Heat Emitters and Ceramic Heat Bulbs

Heat emitters and ceramic heat bulbs are alternative heat sources that can be used in addition to basking lights. These options can provide a steady heat source without emitting visible light, allowing for a more natural day and night cycle. Consider their benefits and energy efficiency when choosing the heating equipment for your bearded dragon’s terrarium.

The Cost of Maintaining Bearded Dragons


Reptile Carpet

Reptile carpet is a popular substrate choice for bearded dragons due to its ease of use and maintenance. It provides a soft and comfortable surface for your beardie to walk on, and it can also help prevent the risk of impaction that can occur with loose substrates. Regular cleaning and occasional replacement are necessary to maintain its cleanliness.

Calcium Sand

Calcium sand is another substrate option that some bearded dragon owners choose. It provides a natural look and can be appealing for creating a desert-like environment. However, it’s essential to be cautious with calcium sand as it can pose a potential ingestion risk, leading to impaction. Constant monitoring and proper feeding habits are necessary when using calcium sand as a substrate.

Paper Towels

For a cost-effective and easy-to-maintain option, paper towels can be used as a temporary substrate. They are readily available, disposable, and can be easily replaced for a clean enclosure. While they may not offer the most natural aesthetic, they can be a practical solution, especially during the cleaning or quarantine periods.

Ceramic Tile

Ceramic tile is a substrate choice known for its durability and ease of cleaning. It provides a sturdy surface that is hygienic and resistant to scratching or harboring bacteria. Ceramic tiles can create a sleek and polished look in your bearded dragon’s terrarium.

Bioactive Substrate

For those looking for a more natural and self-sustaining environment, bioactive substrates can be an excellent choice. These substrates contain live organisms like springtails and isopods, which help break down waste and maintain a balanced ecosystem. Creating a bioactive setup requires research and careful consideration, as it involves maintaining the correct humidity levels and monitoring the bioactive community.

Hides and Decorations

Hiding Caves

Hiding caves provide a sense of security for your bearded dragon. They offer a designated space where your beardie can retreat to when feeling stressed or seeking privacy. Natural-looking hides or commercially available reptile caves made from materials like resin or plastic can be used to create hiding spots throughout the enclosure.

Basking Platforms

Basking platforms are essential elements in your bearded dragon’s habitat, as they provide a raised area for basking and thermoregulation. They should be positioned under the basking lights to offer a warm surface for your beardie to absorb heat. Basking platforms can be made from various materials, such as rocks, branches, or commercially available platforms, and should be sturdy enough to support your dragon’s weight.

Branches and Vines

Including branches and vines in your bearded dragon’s enclosure will allow them to climb and explore their environment. These natural elements provide opportunities for exercise and enrichment. Ensure the branches and vines are securely positioned and chosen from non-toxic materials to ensure your dragon’s safety.

Artificial Plants

Artificial plants are a viable option for adding greenery to your bearded dragon’s enclosure without the risk of toxic plants. They provide additional hiding spots, visual barriers, and a more natural habitat aesthetic. Consider using plants with varying heights to create different levels of foliage for your beardie to explore.

Rocks and Logs

Adding rocks and logs to your bearded dragon’s habitat can create natural perching and climbing opportunities. These elements can be used to mimic the natural rugged terrain that bearded dragons are native to, providing them with additional exercise and enrichment. Ensure the rocks and logs are securely positioned to avoid any potential harm or injury to your beardie.

Thermometers and Hygrometers

Digital Thermometers

Digital thermometers are essential tools for monitoring the temperature in different areas of your bearded dragon’s enclosure. They can provide accurate readings and help you ensure the proper temperature gradient is maintained throughout the habitat. Place thermometers in various locations to monitor the surface temperature and adjust heat sources accordingly.

Infrared Temperature Guns

Infrared temperature guns are handy devices for spot-checking surface temperatures in your bearded dragon’s enclosure. They allow you to measure temperatures without direct contact, making it easier to identify potential hot or cold spots. By using an infrared temperature gun, you can ensure the overall temperature gradient remains optimal for your beardie’s health.

Hygrometers for Humidity Measurement

Monitoring and maintaining the proper humidity levels in your bearded dragon’s enclosure is vital for their health and comfort. Hygrometers can measure and display the humidity percentage, allowing you to adjust misting or ventilation to maintain the desired range. Place hygrometers in areas where humidity is critical, such as the cool end or the basking spot.

Water and Food Dishes

Water Bowls or Dishes

Providing a shallow and easily accessible water dish or bowl is essential for your bearded dragon’s hydration. Ensure the dish is large enough for your dragon to bathe in if they choose to do so. Regularly clean and refill the water dish to ensure freshness and hygiene.

Food Dishes for Mealworms or Dubia Roaches

Separate food dishes for offering mealworms or dubia roaches are necessary to keep them contained in one area and prevent them from escaping into the enclosure. Choose dishes that are shallow and easy to clean. This will help maintain the cleanliness of the substrate and prevent food particles from becoming a breeding ground for bacteria.

Feeding Tongs

Feeding tongs are useful tools for offering live insects to your bearded dragon. They allow you to handle the insects safely while preventing accidental bites or injury. Using feeding tongs also helps prevent your beardie from ingesting substrate along with their food.

Food and Supplements

Insects like Crickets, Mealworms, and Dubia Roaches

Insects are an essential part of your bearded dragon’s diet, providing a valuable source of protein. Crickets, mealworms, and dubia roaches are commonly fed to bearded dragons. It’s important to ensure the insects are gut-loaded with nutritious food before offering them to your beardie, as this will provide additional nutrients for their health.

Dark Leafy Greens and Vegetables

To provide a well-rounded diet, dark leafy greens and vegetables should make up a significant portion of your bearded dragon’s food intake. Options such as collard greens, mustard greens, dandelion greens, squash, bell peppers, and carrots are all excellent choices. Aim for a variety of vegetables to ensure a diverse nutrient profile.


While fruits should be offered as occasional treats, they should not make up the majority of your bearded dragon’s diet. Certain fruits, such as berries, apples, and melons, can be offered for their nutritional value and as a source of hydration. However, be mindful of the high sugar content in some fruits and feed them in moderation.

Vitamin and Calcium Supplements

To ensure your bearded dragon receives all the necessary vitamins and minerals, it’s important to supplement their diet with appropriate products. Calcium supplements, such as calcium carbonate or calcium with vitamin D3, are crucial for maintaining proper bone health. Multivitamin supplements formulated specifically for reptiles can provide additional nutritional support. Follow dosage instructions carefully and consult a veterinarian for specific recommendations.

Health and Environmental Testing

Fecal Tests for Parasites

Regular fecal tests are important for monitoring the presence of internal parasites in your bearded dragon. Parasites can pose a significant health risk for your dragon, and early detection is essential for timely treatment. Collecting a fresh fecal sample and having it tested by a veterinarian will help ensure the overall health and well-being of your beardie.

Blood Tests for Nutritional Deficiencies

Blood tests can be conducted to assess your bearded dragon’s overall health and screen for possible nutritional deficiencies. These tests measure essential blood values, such as calcium and vitamin D3 levels, allowing you to identify any imbalances or deficiencies that may require intervention. Regular blood testing can help you provide the necessary dietary adjustments or supplements to optimize your beardie’s health.

Water Quality Testing

The quality of the water provided to your bearded dragon is crucial for their hydration and overall health. Testing the water quality in their enclosure can help identify any potential contaminants or imbalances. Ensure the water is free from harmful chemicals and heavy metals that can affect your beardie’s health. By regularly testing the water quality, you can take appropriate action to ensure your dragon’s well-being.

Maintaining a bearded dragon can come with various expenses, but with proper planning and budgeting, you can ensure your dragon receives the best care possible. From setting up the initial terrarium to ongoing expenses such as food, supplements, electricity, and veterinary care, it’s important to consider all aspects of ownership and provide a safe and enriching environment for your furry friend.