What Are The Most Important Things To Train Your Puppy?

So, you’ve brought home a new puppy and you’re wondering where to start with their training. Training a puppy can feel like a daunting task, but fear not! In this article, we will explore the essential aspects of puppy training that every pet owner should focus on. From basic obedience commands to potty training and socialization, we’ll cover it all. With these tips and tricks, you’ll be well on your way to raising a well-behaved and happy furry friend.

Basic obedience commands

Sit command

The sit command is one of the most fundamental obedience commands to teach your puppy. By teaching your puppy to sit on command, you can establish control and create a foundation for other commands. To teach this command, hold a treat above your puppy’s nose and slowly move it backward over their head. As their nose follows the treat, their bottom should naturally lower into a sitting position. When they sit, immediately praise them and give them the treat.

Stay command

The stay command is crucial for keeping your puppy safe in various situations. To begin training, ask your puppy to sit, then extend your hand towards them with your palm facing out and say, “Stay.” Take a step back and reward them if they remain still. Gradually increase the distance and duration of the stay command, always rewarding your puppy for following the command.

Come command

The come command is essential for ensuring your puppy’s safety and control. Begin training in a quiet and secure area. Attach a long leash to your puppy’s collar and let them explore while holding the other end. Call your puppy’s name followed by the command “Come” in an excited and cheerful tone. Gently guide them towards you using the leash if needed. Reward them with praise and treats when they come to you.

Down command

Teaching your puppy the down command helps to promote calmness and obedience. Start with your puppy in a sitting position. Hold a treat in front of their nose and slowly lower it straight down towards the ground. As your puppy follows the treat, their elbows will naturally touch the floor, and they will be in a down position. Reward them immediately and praise them for following the command.

Leave it command

The leave it command is crucial for keeping your puppy safe and preventing them from picking up potentially harmful objects. Hold a treat in one hand and show it to your puppy, making sure they are aware of it. Close your hand and say “Leave it” in a firm but gentle tone. When your puppy stops trying to get the treat, reward them with a different treat or praise. Gradually increase the difficulty by using different objects or treats.

Heel command

The heel command is important for teaching your puppy to walk politely and calmly beside you. Start with your puppy on a leash and walk with them on your left side. Hold a treat in your hand and let them sniff it, then say “Heel.” Begin walking and encourage your puppy to stay close to your leg by rewarding them for good behavior. Practice this command in different environments with varying distractions to reinforce the behavior.

House training

Establishing a routine

Establishing a routine is key to successfully house train your puppy. Create a consistent schedule for feeding, playtime, and bathroom breaks. Take your puppy outside to the same spot each time they need to go. Praise and reward them when they eliminate in the appropriate area. With time, your puppy will understand the routine and develop good bathroom habits.

Crate training

Crate training is an effective way to provide your puppy with a safe space and aid in house training. Choose a crate that is spacious enough for them to stand, turn around, and lie down comfortably. Introduce the crate gradually, allowing your puppy to explore it and associate positive experiences. Use positive reinforcement by rewarding them with treats and praise when they enter the crate willingly. Avoid using the crate as a form of punishment.

Positive reinforcement

Positive reinforcement is essential for house training. Reward your puppy with treats, praise, and affection whenever they eliminate in the appropriate area or follow commands. This positive association will encourage them to repeat the desired behavior. Avoid punishing your puppy for accidents or mistakes, as this can create fear and hinder their progress.

Monitoring signs of needing to go outside

To avoid accidents inside the house, it is important to monitor your puppy for signs that they need to go outside. Signs to watch for include restlessness, sniffing around, circling, or whimpering. When you notice these signs, take your puppy outside immediately to their designated bathroom area. Reward them for eliminating in the right spot.


Consistency is key when it comes to house training your puppy. Use the same spot for bathroom breaks, follow the established routine, and reward good behavior consistently. Avoid unnecessary changes or disruptions to the training process, as this can confuse your puppy. With patience and consistency, your puppy will learn to become reliably house trained.

What Are The Most Important Things To Train Your Puppy?


Exposing your puppy to various environments

Socializing your puppy to different environments is crucial for their development and ability to adapt to new situations. Gradually introduce your puppy to various environments such as parks, streets, and different types of flooring surfaces. Allow them to explore and experience different sights, sounds, and smells. This exposure will help make them more confident and well-adjusted.

Introducing to different people and animals

To ensure your puppy becomes comfortable around different people and animals, provide positive experiences of interaction. Invite friends and family to interact with your puppy in a calm and gentle manner. Whenever your puppy shows confident and friendly behavior, reward them with treats and praise. Introduce them to well-behaved and vaccinated dogs to promote healthy socialization.

Positive experiences with children

It is important for your puppy to have positive experiences with children to become comfortable around them. Teach children how to interact with your puppy gently and appropriately. Supervise interactions closely to prevent any rough play or accidental harm. Reward both the puppy and the child for calm and positive behavior.

Desensitization to loud noises

Many puppies are fearful of loud noises. To help them overcome this fear, gradually expose them to different loud sounds, such as doorbells, vacuum cleaners, or thunderstorms. Start with low volumes and gradually increase the intensity as your puppy becomes more comfortable. Pair each exposure with treats and praise to create positive associations.

Training classes or puppy playdates

Enrolling your puppy in training classes or organizing playdates with other puppies can be beneficial for socialization. These environments provide structured guidance and opportunities for positive interactions. Your puppy will learn to play and communicate appropriately with other dogs while under the supervision of a trained professional.

Bite inhibition

Gentle play and handling

Teaching your puppy bite inhibition is crucial to prevent unintentional harm to both humans and other animals. Start by playing gently with your puppy, avoiding any rough play that encourages biting. If your puppy bites too hard, yelp in a high-pitched voice to indicate that it hurts, and immediately stop playing. This mimics the behavior of littermates who would yelp if bitten too hard.

Redirecting biting onto appropriate toys

Provide your puppy with a variety of appropriate chew toys to redirect their biting behavior. When your puppy starts biting, firmly say “no” and offer them an approved chew toy instead. Praise and reward them when they chew on the toy instead of your hands or furniture. Consistency is key in reinforcing this behavior.

Avoiding rough play that encourages biting

While it is important for puppies to play and explore their environment, rough play can encourage biting and aggressive behavior. Avoid wrestling, tugging, or encouraging your puppy to grab at your hands or clothing. Instead, focus on interactive play with toys that promotes positive behavior and discourages biting.

Discouraging aggressive behavior

Any signs of aggression in puppies should be addressed immediately. Consult a professional dog trainer or behaviorist to assess and address any potential aggression issues. They can provide guidance on effective techniques to correct unwanted behavior and ensure the safety of both your puppy and those around them.

Reacting calmly to bites

If your puppy accidentally bites you or someone else during play or while being handled, it is important to react calmly. Avoid yelling, hitting, or otherwise punishing your puppy, as this can escalate the situation and lead to fear or aggression. Instead, calmly remove your hand, say “ouch” in a soft but firm tone, and redirect their attention to an appropriate toy. Consistency in this reaction will help your puppy learn appropriate bite strength.

What Are The Most Important Things To Train Your Puppy?

Leash training

Choosing the right leash and collar

Choosing the right leash and collar is essential for successful leash training. Opt for a leash that is strong and comfortable, such as a nylon or leather leash. Consider using a harness instead of a collar, especially for puppies with respiratory issues or tendency to pull. Pay attention to the size and adjustability to ensure a proper fit.

Introducing the puppy to the leash

Introduce your puppy to the leash gradually to prevent fear or resistance. Allow them to sniff and investigate the leash before attaching it to their collar or harness. Encourage them with treats and praise as they become comfortable with the leash’s presence. Practice walking together indoors or in a secure area before venturing out into more distracting environments.

Teaching leash manners

Teaching your puppy to walk politely on a leash involves teaching them to walk beside you without pulling. Start by rewarding your puppy for walking close to you. When they start to pull, stop walking and wait for them to return to your side. Reward them when they do, and resume walking. Consistency and patience are key to teaching your puppy good leash manners.

Positive reinforcement for walking nicely on a leash

Use positive reinforcement to encourage your puppy to walk nicely on a leash. Reward them with treats and praise when they stay by your side without pulling. Gradually increase the duration and distance of walks, always rewarding good behavior. Consistency and repetition will help your puppy understand the expectations.

Gradual exposure to distractions

When leash training your puppy, gradually expose them to different distractions, such as other dogs, people, or traffic. Start in quiet environments and gradually increase the level of distractions. Reward your puppy for focusing on you and walking calmly in the presence of distractions. This will help them learn to listen to you despite various distractions.

Basic grooming

Getting the puppy accustomed to touch

Getting your puppy accustomed to touch is essential for basic grooming. Start by gently touching and stroking your puppy all over their body, including their paws, ears, and tail. Offer treats and praise to create positive associations. Gradually increase the duration and intensity of touch to ensure that your puppy becomes comfortable with grooming procedures.

Brushing and combing

Regular brushing and combing help keep your puppy’s coat clean and healthy. Use a soft brush or comb appropriate for your puppy’s coat type. Start with short grooming sessions, gradually increasing the duration as your puppy becomes more comfortable. Reward them with treats and praise during and after each grooming session.

Nail trimming

Proper nail care is important to prevent discomfort and injury. Introduce your puppy to nail trimming gradually and at a young age. Start by touching and handling their paws, then progress to using a nail clipper or grinder. Trim the nails in small increments, being careful to avoid cutting the quick. Reward your puppy after each successful nail trimming session.

Teeth brushing

Oral hygiene is crucial for your puppy’s overall health. Start by getting your puppy accustomed to having their mouth touched and inspected. Gradually introduce a dog-specific toothbrush and toothpaste. Begin by applying a small amount of toothpaste to your finger and gently massaging their gums and teeth. Gradually transition to using the toothbrush. Be consistent and patient, rewarding your puppy for cooperative behavior.

Ear cleaning

Regular ear cleaning helps prevent ear infections and discomfort. Use a gentle ear cleaning solution and a cotton ball or pad to clean the outer part of your puppy’s ears. Be cautious and avoid inserting anything deep into the ear canal. Reward your puppy for allowing you to clean their ears and make the experience positive.

Preventing separation anxiety

Gradual desensitization to being alone

To prevent separation anxiety, gradually desensitize your puppy to being alone. Start by leaving your puppy alone in a separate room for short periods. Gradually increase the duration of separation while ensuring your puppy feels safe. Use treats, toys, or interactive puzzles to keep them occupied during these periods. Always return calmly and reward your puppy for good behavior.

Creating a safe and comfortable space

Creating a safe and comfortable space for your puppy when you are away is essential. Provide a designated area, such as a crate or a puppy-proofed room, where your puppy feels secure and has access to water, toys, and a comfortable bed. Make sure the area is free of hazards or items that could be destructive or harmful.

Using interactive toys or puzzles

Interactive toys or puzzles can help keep your puppy mentally stimulated and engaged while you are away. These toys are designed to challenge your puppy’s problem-solving skills and reward them with treats or food. Introduce these toys gradually and supervise your puppy initially to ensure safe playtime.

Avoiding excessive attention before leaving

To prevent separation anxiety, avoid excessive attention or dramatic farewells before leaving your puppy alone. Keep departures and arrivals calm and low-key. By maintaining a relaxed atmosphere during these transitions, your puppy will learn that being left alone is a normal part of their routine.

Gradual departures and arrivals

When leaving or returning home, practice gradual departures and arrivals to help your puppy adjust to your absence. Start by leaving for shorter periods and gradually increase the duration. Give your puppy something to occupy their time, such as a stuffed Kong or interactive toy. When you return, wait for a few minutes before giving attention to allow your puppy to calm down.

Behaving around guests

Teaching polite greetings

Teaching your puppy polite greetings is important to prevent jumping up or overly boisterous behavior when guests arrive. Train your puppy to sit and wait before approaching guests. Reward them for staying calm and respectful. Consistency in training and setting clear expectations will help your puppy greet guests politely.

Settling on a designated mat or bed

To prevent your puppy from becoming overly excited or disruptive when guests arrive, train them to settle on a designated mat or bed. Teach your puppy to go to their designated spot and lie down when guests are present. Reward them for staying settled and calm throughout the interaction.

Discouraging jumping up

Jumping up is a common behavior in puppies seeking attention. To discourage this behavior, ignore your puppy when they jump up and turn away from them. Reward them with attention and praise only when all four paws are on the ground. Consistency is key in teaching your puppy not to jump up.

Introducing guests gradually

Introduce your puppy to new guests gradually, especially if they are not familiar with dogs. Allow your puppy to approach and sniff guests at their own pace. Ensure that guests understand how to interact calmly and respectfully with your puppy. By gradually introducing your puppy to new people, you can help them adjust and feel more comfortable.

Positive reinforcement for calm behavior

Always reward your puppy for calm behavior around guests. Praise and pet them when they remain calm and well-behaved. This positive reinforcement will encourage them to associate guest interactions with positive experiences. Consistency in rewarding calm behavior is crucial for reinforcing good manners.

Proper nutrition and feeding

Choosing a high-quality puppy food

Choosing a high-quality puppy food is essential for your puppy’s growth and development. Look for a food that is specifically formulated for puppies, ensuring it meets the nutritional requirements established by veterinarians. Consult your veterinarian for recommendations based on your puppy’s breed, size, and age.

Establishing a consistent feeding schedule

Establishing a consistent feeding schedule helps your puppy develop healthy eating habits and aids in house training. Feed your puppy at the same times each day, ideally in two to three meals. Avoid free-feeding or leaving food out all day, as this can lead to overeating or irregular bathroom habits.

Controlling portion sizes

Portion control is important to prevent overfeeding and maintain a healthy weight for your puppy. Follow the recommended feeding guidelines provided by the food manufacturer based on your puppy’s age and weight. Adjust the portion sizes as your puppy grows and consult your veterinarian if you have any concerns about their weight.

Avoiding table scraps

While it may be tempting to give your puppy table scraps, it is important to avoid this habit. Human food can be harmful and lead to dietary imbalances and obesity. Stick to a balanced puppy food diet and limit treats to ensure your puppy receives proper nutrition.

Providing fresh water

Access to fresh water is vital for your puppy’s health and hydration. Make sure your puppy has a clean and easily accessible water bowl available at all times. Regularly clean and refill the water bowl to ensure it remains fresh and appealing to your puppy.

Healthcare routines

Scheduling regular vet check-ups

Regular veterinary check-ups are essential to monitor your puppy’s overall health and catch any potential issues early on. Schedule routine vaccinations, deworming, and health examinations as recommended by your veterinarian. Establishing a relationship with a trusted veterinarian will ensure your puppy receives the necessary care.

Vaccinations and preventive medications

Following a veterinarian-recommended vaccination schedule is crucial to protect your puppy against common contagious diseases. Vaccinations typically include protection against diseases such as distemper, parvovirus, and rabies. Additionally, discuss preventive medications for fleas, ticks, and heartworms to keep your puppy protected.

Flea and tick prevention

Fleas and ticks can cause discomfort and transmit diseases to your puppy. Use veterinarian-approved flea and tick prevention products to keep your puppy protected. Regularly inspect your puppy’s coat for signs of fleas or ticks, and promptly address any issues with the guidance of your veterinarian.

Dental care

Proper dental care is essential for your puppy’s oral health. Begin by gently brushing your puppy’s teeth using a dog-specific toothbrush and toothpaste. Choose dental products recommended by your veterinarian. Additionally, provide dental chews or toys that promote healthy chewing and teeth cleaning.

Grooming appointments

Regular grooming appointments are important for maintaining your puppy’s cleanliness and overall well-being. Depending on your puppy’s breed and coat type, grooming needs may vary. Schedule regular appointments for professional grooming, including bathing, trimming, and nail trimming, as necessary.

By following these training and care guidelines, you can ensure that your puppy grows into a well-behaved, well-adjusted, and healthy adult dog. Remember, patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement are key elements in successful puppy training. Enjoy the journey of raising your furry friend and creating a lifelong bond.